Madagascar is the world’s fourth-largest island after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. This is a land of dramatic contrasts and renowned for its exceptionally diverse landscapes, flora and fauna as well as the intriguing culture of its people. There is something in Madagascar for everyone: nature lovers are inevitably enchanted by the compelling uniqueness of its fauna and incomparably diverse flora.
Often referred to as the Great Red Island because of its red clay soils, Madagascar splintered off from the super-continent Gondwana between 120 and 165 million years ago, creating geographic isolation from Africa and India which facilitated a gentle evolution of its plants and animals in a protective environment, largely free from predators.
The result is a peculiar assemblage of life forms, including several species of pigmy hippopotamus, lemurs that range in size from 150 gram up to that of a female gorilla and from the smallest to the largest chameleons.
Because of its diversity, Madagascar is often referred to as the eighth continent. Humans arrived in Madagascar about 2000 from Southeast Asia and Africa. Separated into many tribes, sub-tribes and clans, the approximately 22 million Malagasy are united by language and endlessly intriguing culture.
Madagascar is a poor country and the tourist infrastructure remains modest. This is a wonderful challenge for Voetspore Expedition No. 10.